8. What are the practical actions of Net Zero?
These actions can be grouped according to different sectors. These are the main ones:
It is contemplated to replace coal, gas and oil as generating sources of power plants with renewable energy, such as solar energy, wind energy and green hydrogen. These are not only cleaner, but they will tend to get cheaper over time and will be able to compete more and more strongly with fossil fuels.
Already today there is a strong push towards the production of transport based on electromobility.
Electric vehicles are not greenhouse gas emitters and are becoming more and more competitive with traditional vehicles. Some countries, including those committed to the “net zero” plan, have presented schedules to carry out the transition from cars powered by fossil fuels to transport based on renewable energy. These which would play an especially important role in reducing emissions, with the additional advantage of reducing air pollution in the world’s major cities.
In terms of air transport, Airbus, the aircraft manufacturer, announced that it will put the first green hydrogen-powered aircraft into service by 2035.
- Agriculture and livestock
Emissions from agriculture and livestock have a significant impact on increasing the greenhouse effect and therefore on global warming. Livestock produce significant levels of methane, a greenhouse gas more potent than carbon dioxide, although much less present in the atmosphere.
By reducing the intake of meat and replacing it with foods of plant origin, it would help in the fight against climate change. One solution would be meats of vegetable origin, which are already sold in the main supermarket chains.