4. What does Net Zero mean?
Net Zero or carbon neutrality, refers to achieving net emissions of fossil gases, expressed in terms of carbon dioxide equivalent. That is, a universal measure used for the CO2 equivalent of each of the greenhouse gases with respect to their global warming potential.
It consists of reducing greenhouse gas emissions to a point similar to those that are removed naturally from the atmosphere, mainly by the action of forests and oceans. This goal has been set by the UN for the year 2050.