13. Is the Amazon forest in danger of disappearing?
Much of the Amazon rainforest is in danger and may even disappear in less than a century (some say in 40 years). The trees are cut down to feed the wood industry or to clear land for the sowing of agricultural products, as well as to generate spaces for livestock activity, oil and mining exploitation, construction of houses, roads, pipelines, hydroelectric dams, besides Some 30 million people live in the Amazon basin. Because of this, in the world’s largest rainforest, the destruction of forests is well advanced. Although it is recognized that since 2006, when the companies responsible for most of the Brazilian soybean trade signed a pact with several NGOs, led by Greenpeace, not to acquire soy from the affected areas, the fall in deforestation rates was considerable.
This moratorium was celebrated in the environmental media, but the euphoria was short lived, since the repeal of old laws and the approval of new ones reinitiated the felling of trees, even that of the strictly prohibited ones, increasing the destruction of the jungle since 2013, which has increased in the following years. If the Amazon jungle is depleted, we would lose its vital function of absorbing CO2, the largest component of greenhouse gases, the main cause of global warming and climate change. If to all this we add that 20% of the world’s fresh water comes from the Amazon River, it is not difficult to imagine the catastrophe that would be to extirpate the Lung of the Planet.