3. When and where was the first COP held?
COP1, the first COP climate conference, was held in Berlin in 1995. From it came the Berlin Mandate, a kind of fairly indefinite catalog of commitments, which allowed countries to choose the initiatives tailored to their particular needs.
The UNFCCC is the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change “is a universal convention of principles that recognizes the existence of climate change due to human activity and attributes the main responsibility to fight against this phenomenon to industrialized countries”. As the supreme body of the UNFCCC, the COP was created.