1. What is the IPCC?
The IPCC, Intergovernmental Panel of Experts on Climate Change, is an international organization established in 1988 with the cooperation of two UN organizations: the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) and the United Nations Environment Program (UNEP). Its headquarters are in Geneva. The first Report was published in 1990, the second in 1995, the third in 2001, the fourth in 2007 and the fifth report in 2013.
Many countries on all continents are part of the IPCC. Meetings are held once or twice a year. The IPCC has internationally accepted authority on climate change and to make relevant recommendations.
The Organization does not conduct research on its own, nor does it monitor weather-related phenomena. The main activity of the IPCC is to publish special reports on relevant issues on Climate Change. To do this, it uses the research of hundreds of scientists and experts who carry out the work on a voluntary basis. Its conclusions are reviewed by representatives of all governments.
The IPCC work team is made up of three groups that address different tasks. Group I is in charge of producing the necessary scientific basis. Group II is dedicated to the effects of climate, adaptation, and vulnerability. Group III investigates mitigation.