5. How is the IPCC Sixth Assessment Report related to COP26?
Countries participating in COP26 this year in Glasgow are expected to “adopt, recognize, defend and amplify the robust scientific evidence collected in this report, and take decisive action to meet the goal of keeping global warming below 2 °C by the end of the century. and, if possible, below 1.5 degrees”, as established by the Paris Agreement.
COP26 will take place in November 2021. At the 2020 summit, the parties to the Paris Agreement were supposed to present their updated climate goals, known as NDC (National Determined Contributions) to achieve the objectives of the climate agreement.
Although the conference did not take place, due to the pandemic, 78 countries and the European Union presented their updated climate goals. The worrying thing is that the remaining countries have not yet done so. Furthermore, “many of the NDCs submitted did not increase their ambition, as required.”
This year’s COP26 is expected to be the opportunity for the party’s commitment to adjust to the reality of the latest climate information. “Especially because it is estimated that, with the current climate goals, by the end of the century we will be in a world 2.4 degrees warmer, which will put the future of many species and habitats, including us, at serious risk.”