3. What is the IPCC Sixth Assessment Report?
The IPCC Sixth Assessment Report is a document that was presented to the public on August 10, 2021, by IPCC Working Group I. Group I is in charge of producing the necessary scientific basis. Group II is dedicated to the effects of climate, adaptation, and vulnerability. Group III investigates mitigation.
Therefore, the report presented this year is only one third of the work. The reports of groups II and III will be published starting next year.
234 experts from 66 countries participated in the preparation of this first part. Scientists have reviewed more than 14,000 articles and published references to make their synthesis on the physical effects that global warming has already had, and the possible scenarios based on the greenhouse gases that humanity emits in the coming decades.
The IPCC Sixth Assessment Report is categorical regarding the relationship of human activity with the advance of the planet’s climate crisis. The panel of experts makes a harsh warning: “many of the changes that the planet will undergo, as a result of greenhouse gas emissions, will be irreversible for centuries, even millennia.”
It also warns that the global temperature will continue to increase at least until 2050, “taking into account all possible scenarios.”