The theme of the 2022 meeting is “Together for Implementation”, with the aim of fulfilling the mandates of the 2015 Paris Agreement on Climate Change and the Glasgow Pact signed at COP26 in 2021 without any delays. The financial aspect will have a central treatment, addressing the issue of “damages and reparations” for the effects of climate change mainly for developing countries and the contributions of the parties to the support fund.
The Presidency of the COP27 has stated that the Sharm El-Sheikh 2022 meeting seeks to facilitate the agreements in the negotiations, to obtain results that are tangible, in such a way that they help to meet the proposed objectives and guarantee “a more sustainable world where humans are at the center of climate conversations.”
Negotiations at the UN Conference of the Parties (COP) are based on consensus, with the goal of reaching agreements with “the inclusive and active participation of all interested parties”.
At COP27, it is expected that the results obtained in Glasgow at COP 26 in 2021 will be transformed into actions and will definitely go to full implementation.
These are the main proposed objectives to be achieved in the following areas:
Mitigation. COP27 aims to implement the Glasgow Pact, reviewing the ambition program of the NDC and with the result of the program that allows work on the ambition of mitigation. Countries must meet their commitments to achieve the goals of the Paris Agreement, limiting global warming to well below 2°C to keep the 1.5°C target alive. This requires concrete actions from all parties, as well as an increase in their ambition to achieve it.
Adaptation. COP27 aims to position adaptation at the forefront of global action, with the premise of ensuring the Global Adaptation Goal reached at COP26, which ratifies the provisions of the Paris Agreement and the Glasgow Pact. After the dramatic and devastating climatic events that have been experienced around the world this year 2022, it is imperative to urge all parties to demonstrate their willingness to improve their resilience and provide greater assistance to the most vulnerable communities and populations.
Finance. COP27 aims to make significant progress on climate finance, which is a key element of the Paris Agreement Goals. It is definitely necessary to improve transparency in financial flows and facilitate resources to cover the needs of developing countries, with emphasis on Africa, LDCs and SIDS. Mechanisms must be defined for its follow-up, knowing its progress and establishing the necessary adjustments. Advancing in the delivery of the US$ 100,000 million established in the Paris Agreement will foster the necessary confidence between developed and developing countries, by fulfilling the commitments originally contracted.
We wait to see the development of the COP27 Sharm El-Sheikh 2022 and to know if the parties can advance in the proposed objectives, as the organizers of this conference aspire.