5. Is fracking dangerous?
The supporters of fracking or hydraulic fracturing argue that this technology allows the extraction of large quantities of hydrocarbons that until recently were inaccessible. They say that the technique has no greater risks than the others used by the industry. They insist on the economic benefits of the enormous volumes of fuels that can only be extracted through fracking. They say that in cases where contamination has occurred, it has been due to wrong practices, such as failures in the drilling process, the cementing of the wells or inadequate treatment of the wastewater, but not the technology itself. The deniers of climate change say that the burning of fossil fuels will not change the climatic conditions of the planet.
The detractors of the fracking technology, or hydraulic fracturing, say the negative environmental impact that the process entails. They point out that the underground aquifers are close to the places where drilling is carried out can be contaminated with the chemicals used during fracking, without excluding the risks of contamination by the gas or oil that could infiltrate during the extraction. It is also feasible that during the process gas can escape into the atmosphere. Finally, they argue that massive fractures of subterranean rocks can produce earthquakes of variable magnitudes. We must add that fracking gives new impetus to the dependence on fossil fuels, which increases the greenhouse effect, global warming and therefore climate change, and therefore goes in the opposite direction to the use of clean energy.