2. Where and when was the first COP?
The first conference, COP1, was held in Germany in 1995, which produced the Berlin Mandate, a kind of catalog of rather indefinite commitments, which allowed countries to choose initiatives tailored to their needs. COP1 had the importance of being the first forum to officially recognize the existence of climate problems. At COP2, Geneva, 1996, it was agreed on the non-uniformity of country solutions. The annual meetings were attended by environmental experts, ministers or heads of state and non-governmental organizations.