1. What is the Paris Agreement?
The Paris Agreement is an ambitious global contract to combat climate change, negotiated during COP21, Paris 2015, Twenty-First Conference of the Parties, of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), established in May of 1992. The transcendental document has been adopted by 197 countries and its signature officially started on April 22, 2016, Earth Day, and will come into force in 2020.
The Paris Agreement provides for limiting the increase in global temperature to 2 °C, starting from the pre-industrial era, by reducing greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, caused by fossil fuels such as oil, gas and coal, among others. These fuels, when burned, release carbon dioxide into the atmosphere (CO2), increasing the greenhouse effect, and consequently global warming and climate change. These phenomena are manifested with the intensification of droughts, ice melts, floods, hurricanes, tornadoes and other catastrophic phenomena, which endanger all species, including Homo sapiens. The Paris Agreement contemplates the increase in the use of alternative or clean energies and recommendations for sustainable development. It also proposes actions to combat climate change such as mitigation, adaptation and resilience.
Full text of the Paris Agreement.