3. What is ecology and what is its relationship to the environment?
Ecology is a branch of biology that is dedicated to the study and analysis of the relationships between living beings (biotic) and inanimate or lifeless elements (abiotic), which share a medium. This medium can be microscopic in dimensions or as large as our entire planet.
Ecology studies living things in their environment and their relationships with the other components of the environment. Unlike botany or zoology, which study individuals, ecology is interested in investigating populations and their relationships with their environment.
The word ecology comes from the Greek ökologie, composed of the words oikos, which means house, home or dwelling, and logos, which means study or treatise. Therefore, ecology is the study of our house or home, as is our planet Earth.
It was up to Ernst Haeckel, a German scientist, to create the term ecology in 1869 to name the science that studies the relationships between living things and the environment.
The importance of knowing about ecology in these times.
Today it is almost essential to know ecology, even at the level of basic concepts, to better understand the phenomena that the Earth is currently going through. The decision to get in touch with ecology concepts can help people become hobbyist ecologists, ecology teachers, or Earth activists – an important step in the fight against climate change.