FAQs about Soils Pollution and Degradation

9. Do agriculture and livestock in the soil have an environmental impact?

Agriculture and livestock have a vast impact on the environment. Both require extensive areas, since almost 8 billion people must be fed. These huge spaces are usually taken at the expense of trees and the deforestation of forests and rainforests. This has a huge environmental impact that can even affect the climate of the entire planet. Intensive agriculture, implemented almost a century and a half ago, causes the degradation of soils due to the excessive application of pesticides and chemical fertilizers. The limited knowledge about land conservation techniques and organic fertilizers plays an important role in the damage and loss of soils.

According to the FAO, in a long-standing report, it was already reported that the degradation of the soil to be dragged by water or winds represents the loss of between five and seven million hectares of arable land annually on the planet. In places with a dry climate, the wind raises huge dust clouds from soils without vegetation cover, the main source of air pollution in nearby and even remote places.

As for livestock, massive eating requires excessive land use. When the quantity of animals exceeds the capacity of the area, there is an enormous pressure on the soils and the consumption of forage, in addition to the erosion and degradation of the fertility of the land and vegetation.

Other sections of Soils Pollution and Degradation

The soils pollution

The soil is the surface of the earth’s crust that covers a large part of the continents and islands of the world. It has been formed thanks to the action of abiotic and biotic components for hundreds of millions of years by the mechanical dissolution of rocks, the incorporation of particles and substances from air and water, but above all by the installation of living beings in the planet, almost from its beginnings and especially in the last 600 million years…

Origin, importance and degradation of soils

The origin of soils is closely related to the formation of the earth’s crust. After the cooling and hardening of the Earth’s surface, a process that lasted hundreds of millions of years, soils emerged. Its formation involved the mechanical dissolution of rocks, the incorporation of particles and substances from air and water, but above all the installation of living beings on the planet, almost from the beginning. Soils are mostly biologically active.

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