FAQs about Biodiversity

8. How is biodiversity measured?

Biodiversity can be measured by different sampling techniques. For large animals, plants and ecosystems, scientists have established the “Living Planet Index and the Intergovernmental Science and Policy Platform Global Assessments on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services”. In Europe there are records of scientists and amateur naturalists that go back hundreds of years and that also help us judge how biodiversity has been changing, according to “The Royal Society”.

For smaller animals, such as invertebrates and microbes, much less is known about changes in these populations. To compensate for this lack, there are surveys to be able to compare the diversity of insects of the 1970s and 1980s with the current one. “A study in Germany showed that there has been a 75% drop in flying insects in the last 27 years, while another suggested that 40% of the world’s insects could be in danger of extinction”, according to the cited source.

Other sections of Biodiversity


June 5 was established as World Environment Day by the United Nations General Assembly in 1972. On that date, the Stockholm Conference “First Earth Summit” was held at the initiative of Sweden and in conjunction with the UN.

World Environment Day is celebrated on June 5 of each year. In 2020 the venue of the event was Colombia. Topics to be discussed was the Amazon, air quality, health, circular economy, and climate change.

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